Unit 7 Present perfect (I have done)

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When we use the present perfect there is always a connection with now.
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The action in the past has a result now.
Where’s your key? I don’t know. I’ve lost it.
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I haven’t got it now.
He told me his name but I’ve forgotten it.
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I can’t remember it now.
Is Sally here? No, she’s gone out.
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She is out now.
I can’t find my bag. Have you seen it?
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Do you know where it is now?
We often use the present perfect to give new information or to announce a recent happening.
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Ow! I’ve cut my finger. The road is closed. There’s been an accident. (from the news) The police have arrested two men in connection with the robbery.
Just = a short time ago
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Would you like to something to eat? No thanks, I’ve just had lunch. Hello. Have you just arrived
We use already to say that something happened sooner than expected.
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Don’t forget to post the letter, will you? I’ve already posted it. What time is Mark leaving? He’s already gone.
Yet = until now and shows that the speaker is expecting something to happen. Use yet only in questions and negative sentences.
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Has it stopped raining yet? I’ve written the letter but I haven’t posted it yet.
Note the difference between:
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gone (to) and been (to).
Jim is away on holiday. He has gone to Spain.
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=he is there now or on his way there
Jane is back home from holiday now. She has been to Italy.
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=she has now come back from Italy.

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